Friday, December 30, 2005
The Leicester-Gondar Link
Science breakthroughs of the year
Today's Guardian has a similar feature, with its top ten breakthroughs of the year. These include cloning a human embryo, but at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the recreation of the 1918 flu virus, and the Space Shuttle. Read more in the Guardian.
Review article on avian influenza A H5N1
But this review, in the Journal of Clinical Virology, by researchers from Vietnam, looks especially useful.
de Jong MD, Hien TT. Avian influenza A (H5N1). Journal of Clinical Virology 2006 Jan 35(1); 2-13.
This is available to the University through Science Direct. You will need to use Athens authentication if you are off campus.
Resistance to tamiflu (oseltamivir)
Flu: modelling software
Hurricane Mental Health Awareness
Christmas CMAJ and BMJ
CMAJ this Christmas considers "refrigerator blindness", where sufferers cannot see items of food that are in the fridge, and need to have help, and also a novel way of removing earwax with a water pistol. There is also a systematic review of nodding and napping in lectures, which builds on a paper published last year, and which has some rather pointed things to say about medical publishing and citation. The contents list for this issue of CMAJ is at http://www.cmaj.ca/content/vol173/issue12/.
The UK press seemed to pick up on several things in the Christmas BMJ, although I wonder if they realise the nature of the Christmas BMJ. Anyhow, the Christmas BMJ considers disappearing teaspoons, the impact of Harry Potter books on traumatic injuries in children, interventions for hangover, and depictions of substance abuse in reality television. Contents page at http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/content/vol331/issue7531/?etoc.
Developing practice for thrombosis prevention
Thursday, December 22, 2005
The bug got onto the front page of the Guardian yesterday, and perhaps other places also.
Monday, December 19, 2005
It is now available on the web, and has been available for PDAs for some time. There is key information, and links to further information in other NLM resources, if you know what the substance is. There is also information on protective clothing, protective distance, and treatment, among other things.
Or you can search WISER using information about state, colour, taste, and various chemical properties, in order to identify what it is, if you don't. Results are refined as you add properties to your search and you can view results at any time.
Lowestoft the cradle of human activity in Europe
Anyway, as someone with ancestral roots in the area, I was very interested to see that old human tools, dating from far before any previously discovered, were found near Lowestoft in Suffolk. If you are a University of Leicester member and on campus, you can read the Nature paper at http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v438/n7070/full/nature04227.html. I have also found the Eastern Daily Press's report (a paper based in Norwich, but it was the one my grandparents read).
The Guardian has reported concerns over food shortages in the event of a pandemic, if delivery drivers are struck down en masse, and also reports the foundation of a new cabinet committee to be chaired by Patricia Hewitt. Read more at http://www.guardian.co.uk/medicine/story/0,11381,1668729,00.html
IgA nephropathy Biobank
Comments and suggestions are welcome, to me, as the builder of the Room - khn5 at le.ac.uk.
I tried it out on a couple of tests. It was a bit picky about "c-reactive protein", needing the hyphen, but it did suggest that I meant that, so there was no problem. I saw information on the test sample, what the test was for, what might happen afterwards, and links to information on this same site and elsewhere about the disease or condition in question.
On the home page you can go directly to a test, or a condition, and also look at information on screening for particular age groups.
James Lind was the physician who found that vitamin C prevented scurvy, and the Library is a collection of material showing the development of fair tests of medical treatment. The Library is at http://www.jameslindlibrary.org/.
Monday, December 12, 2005
Hemel Hempstead oil depot explosion
Thursday, December 08, 2005
SciDev.Net have published an article on the benefits of open access archiving to developing countries.
The Royal Society of London are not happy with developments in open access journals and argue that it will lead to the demise of some learned journals. SciDev.Net report this, and provide a link to the Royal Society's statement.
Meanwhile Oxford University Press continue to experiment with their Oxford Open initiative, where certain of their journals offer the opportunity to pay author fees and publish your article as open access. OUP are extending the list of journals that are involved in this experiment, and there are details of the experiment and the journals on their website.
The Information Center includes basic information, information on ethics, stem cells and diseases, and links to all sorts of other resources. There is also research information - research protocols, research being undertaken at universities and at NIH itself, and citations and abstracts of literature (full text is available to NIH members but don't forget that we may have access as well through our usual University channels). There is also a mouse stem cell literature database and information on NIH stem cell libraries. And there are links to news.
Disasters information in MedlinePlus
MedlinePlus has recently added pages on Man made disasters (terrorism, radiation or chemical emergencies, power outages...) and Natural disasters (extreme weather, volcanoes, mudslides...). Both are available in Spanish by clicking the Espanol link at the top of the page.
Emerging infections: MRC statement
Cardiovascular Sciences/Infection, Immunity and Inflammation research making the news
Research looking at genes linked with high blood pressure. This involved local families in Leicestershire. Read the press release. Read the PubMed abstract. The research is published in the November 29th issue of Circulation.
Research which analyses the time series of peak expiratory flow in asthma, to predict the likelihood of an airway obstruction given the current condition of the airway. The study uses mathematical models usually found in engineering, and found that one particular inhaler actually increased the risk of airway obstruction. Read the press release. Read the Nature letter.
Bird flu in Ethiopia?
I get an RSS feed from the BBC News Africa site, which I view using Bloglines, which is how I knew about this story.
Friday, December 02, 2005
Perioperative fasting in adults and children
GOLD contains details of nearly 1700 genome projects, both complete and ongoing, around the world. You can search it, or browse the list of complete, eukaryotic or prokaryotic genomes. There are links to information in NCBI databases, and details of institutions and contacts for each project.
Controlling TB in the United States
This is the title of a report from the American Thoracic Society, CDC and the Infectious Diseases Society of America, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. It includes recommendations to improve the control and prevention of TB in the USA (which has decreased 44 percent from 1993-2003) and on working towards its elimination.
Thursday, December 01, 2005
No online access to Science (but we will have online access in 2006), but Main and Clinical Sciences Libraries have the journal in good old fashioned print.
Read more (on campus only) at http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v438/n7068/full/438531a.html
The same issue of Nature also has an extended news feature on related subjects, covering wikis, blogs, digitisation and Google Scholar. Some reading for the train home, I think.
Somewhat to my surprise, Nature last week published a letter I sent (correspondence, that is, rather than a "letter" in the Nature sense). It was about how librarians can support academic colleagues who are teaching referencing - I feel able to blow my own trumpet about this one week later!